In 2018, East Lothian Council had only four functioning changepoints, and it was often claimed that people would not invest in an electric vehicle (EV) until the infrastructure was there to support them. “Range-anxiety” (the perception that a driver might run out of fuel far from home) was a common fear among drivers who might be looking to switch. For households without private driveways, there was even less incentive to drive EV, as it was not clear where they could charge on a regular basis, and they had no confidence in what the cost of fuel would be. A ZapMap/Field Dynamics study recently identified that there were nearly 15,000 such households in East Lothian.
Additionally, longer electric vehicles, and those with trailers could not fuel up at any of the public changepoints, and the local car club (which had provided access to an electric vehicle for people without a private car), had switched back to a conventional vehicle, due to difficulties with charging.